Computer vision algorithms on processing platforms for real-time applications
My EngD research involved methods of implementing computer vision algorithms on
processing platforms for real-time applications, including on FPGA and GPU, using
model-based design and automatic code generation where possible.
Using a heterogeneous system containing a FPGA, GPU and
CPU, specific implementations of object detection algorithms can be chosen
on-the-fly in response to environmental changes within a scene. This allows
dynamic optimisation to meet changing power, speed or accuracy goals and is more
flexible and more capable of responding to environmental changes than one based on a
processor and single-accelerator model. We explore the performance of a
single algorithm (HOG) for pedestrian detection in a heterogeneous system below.
We then apply this knowledge to a scenario involving detection of
anomalous behaviour of people and vehicles. Here, the computationally
expensive detectors are accelerated on FPGA and GPU and we select some
combination of these platforms dynamically, depending on the level of
anomaly seen at any point in a scene.
System block diagram (Heterogeneous object detectors are used):
Processing priorities selected algorithmically (as in image) or manually (by slider):
Tradeoff of power against time for different platforms. Best solutions form a Pareto curve:
Dr. Calum G. Blair Dr. Neil M Robertson